International Energy Agency (IEA) Bioenergy (Task 37) is working with Indian technology businesses to create next-generation bioenergy solutions to minimize greenhouse gas emissions.
Sources claim the Task 37 working group met at the Green R&D Centre of Hindustan Petroleum Corporation in Bangalore this week to examine bioenergy collaboration between India and other nations.
The major goal is to reduce pollution by burning Lignocellulosic Agriculture Residue (LCAR) or agricultural waste such maize stover, barley straw, rice straw, rice husk, bagasse, cotton stalk, coffee husk, wheat bran, sorghum straw, sesame residue, soybean hulls, etc. This can produce grid-grade biogas and biomethane.
Task 37 prioritizes LCAR because it contributes to greenhouse gas emissions. “Our goal is to facilitate technology collaboration among member countries, with a particular interest in partnering with India, given its status as a major agricultural producer and an engineering powerhouse,” says Dr. Ing. Jan Liebetrau, Head of Department, Rytec GmbH, Germany.
India’s biofuel strategy requires twelve 2G bio-refineries to manufacture ethanol. Public sector oil marketing firms are spending 14,000 crore.
The “Pradhan Mantri JI-VAN (JaivIndhan- VatavaranAnukoolfasalawasheshNivaran) Yojana” supports twelve integrated bio-ethanol projects using lignocellulosic biomass and other renewable feedstock with a total financial outlay of 1969.50 crore, as well as ten demo projects for 2G technology.
Task 37 experts claim 29% of greenhouse gas emissions come from agriculture. Ground-level ozone, a dangerous air pollutant, is formed by methane, a greenhouse gas. Ground-level ozone causes one million premature deaths yearly. Methane warms the climate 80 times faster than carbon dioxide over 20 years. Landfill biomass decomposition anaerobic digestion releases methane.
Today’s economies create more LCAR, making this situation worse and contributing to global warming. Task 37 specialists work with partners to improve energy technology research, development, and commercialization while meeting IEA goals of energy security, environmental protection, and economic growth.
Task 37 also discussed technology collaborations with stakeholders like Bangalore-based Scalene Energy Research Institute and its commercial arm, Scalene Energy Water Corporation, which developed Microbe Incubated Bio Reaction (MIBR) to produce organic natural gas with 98% methane purity that can be used as fuel.